Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease or periodontitis, is a gum infection that damages soft tissue. Without treatment, periodontal disease can ruin the bone that supports your teeth, called the alveolar bone.
What Is Gum Disease?
Periodontitis can be painful and make teeth mobile, resulting in tooth loss. Gingivitis is the mildest stage of gum disease and can be reversed with excellent oral hygiene and professional dental cleanings.
Ongoing gum inflammation causes pockets to develop between the teeth and gums. Plaque and bacteria collect in these pockets and lead to deep infections, loss of bone and tissues, and other health concerns.
What Are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?
Healthy gums are pale pink, firm, and fit snugly around the teeth. Common signs and symptoms associated with periodontitis include:
- Swollen or puffy gums
- Bright red or darkening gums
- Tender gums
- Bleeding gums
- Chronic bad breath
- Loose teeth or tooth loss
- Painful chewing
- Bumps on the gums
- Gum recession
- An altered bite
What Causes Gum Disease?
The most common cause of periodontal disease is plaque buildup. Brushing twice a day and flossing once a day can help remove the plaque.
If plaque stays on the teeth, it hardens under the gumline (tartar) and irritates the gums.
Other risk factors are:
- Crooked teeth
- Nutritional deficiencies
- Prescription medications
- Hormonal changes
- Smoking and chewing tobacco
Contact us today to schedule your preventive dental appointment with Dr. Christine Wang or Dr. Xiaoyu Ma. We speak Cantonese, Mandarin, and Spanish.
Prairie Dental Care proudly serves patients from North Aurora, Sugar Grove, Geneva, Batavia, Oswego, and Montgomery, IL.